- Thailand’s name in the Thai language is Prathet Thai (ประเทศไทย), which means “Land of the Free”.
- Thailand was actually called Siam throughout history; the name changed to Thailand in 1939.
- Thailand is the only country in Southeast Asia that has never been colonised by a European nation.
- Thailand’s national language is called Thai, which many scholars believe is a form of Chinese that was gradually brought to the area between the 7th and 13th centuries. Like Lao, Vietnamese, and Chinese, Thai is a tonal language. Its alphabet has 32 vowels and 44 consonants.
- Thailand has 77 provinces. It’s newest province was part of Nong Khai before being carved out and declared the country’s 77th province on March 22, 2011.
6. Bangkok currently holds the Guinness record for having the longest name of a place. Click here to read the full name.
7. Bangkok lives up to Thailand’s nickname as the “Land of Smiles”. A lot of tourists like going back to Bangkok simply because of the charm and warmth of its people. While it has its share of crimes, Bangkok remains to be one of the friendliest cities in the world. Do you agree?
8. The national flag of Thailand is raised every morning at 8:00 and lowered every evening at 6:00. Its two horizontal red stripes symbolize the land and its people. The white horizontal stripes represent the purity of Buddhism, the nation’s main religion. The wide blue band across the center stands for the monarchy.
9.Thailand’s national flower is Ratchaphruek (ราชพฤกษ์) or golden shower tree , not the orchid although Thailand is the world’s number one orchid exporter.
10. The current prime minister is Prayut Chan-o-cha (พลเอก ประยุทธ์ จันทร์โอชา) a former Thai army officer who is the 29th Prime Minister of Thailand.
11. Thai New Year is on 13th April and it is called Songkran.
12. Phuket is Thailand’s largest island.
13. Thailand is home to the world’s largest gold Buddha.
14. Siamese cats are native to Thailand. In Thai they are called wichen-maat (วิเชียรมาศ) , meaning “moon diamond.” A 14th-century book of Thai poems describes 23 types of Siamese cats; today only six breeds are left. Giving a pair of Si Sawat cats (a type of Siamese cats) to a bride is supposed to bring good luck to the marriage.
15. There are temples everywhere in Thailand even on the money coins. Do you know the name of the temple on each coin?
– One Baht coin has the image of the Grand Palace aka Wat Phra Kaew (Temple of the Emerald Buddha)
– Two Baht coin has the image of Wat Phu Khao Tong (Golden mountain) aka Wat Saket Ratcha Wora Maha Wihan
– Five Baht coin has the image of Wat Benjamabopit Dusitwanaram (in short ‘Wat Ben’) or ‘The Marble Temple’
– Ten Baht Coin has the image of Wat Arun Ratchawararam Ratchawaramahawihan or Wat Arun (Temple of Dawn)
16. The Thai national anthem is played every day at 8am and 6pm. Every TV and radio station plays it. When the anthem is played, everybody has to stand up still until the end of the song if it is convenient. If you are in a public place, you may notice the crowds also stand up to pay respect, you should follow suit.
17. The royal anthem is played before the beginning of every movie shown in Thailand’s cinemas as well as before the commencement of the first act in plays, musicals, concerts, and most other live performances of music or theatre in Thailand. Everyone has to stand up for the duration of the anthem.
18. Going commando in Thailand is illegal. Thailand has a bunch of eyebrow-raising rules, but perhaps the strangest is the one that prohibits leaving the house without underwear on, so make sure you pack enough undies to last your whole trip. It’s unclear how they enforce this, but I don’t recommend finding out.
19. It’s a crime to step on any Thai currency because there is the image of the king on it.
20. There are some Thai schools offer transsexual toilet.
21. Transsexuals, aka kratoeys (กระเทย) aka tut (ตุ๊ด) or ladyboys, are highly visible in mainstream society. ( If you see a very beautiful woman, you might want to recheck if she is a real woman:P )