VIDEO: Isan 101 (Basic Northeastern Thai Dialect)

Northeastern region of Thailand or what Thai people refer to as ‘อีสาน Isan also Isaan, Isarn, Esan, or Esarn’ is the largest part of the country. You might hear the official term is “ภาคตะวันออกเฉียงเหนือ pàak dtà-wan-àwk-chǐang-nŭea”.

The main language is Isan, which is a dialect of the Lao language. Isan belongs to the Chiang Saeng and Lao–Phutai language groups, which along with Thai are members of the Tai languages of the Tai–Kadai language family.

SEAsia-Isan2

1139px-Isaan-regions

Thai is also spoken by almost everyone and is the language used in education. Khmer, the language of Cambodia, is widely spoken in areas along the Cambodian border: Buriram, Surin, and Sisaket.

(Source: Wikipedia)

Teacher Pear is from Maha Sarakham province (จังหวัดมหาสารคาม), one of the 77 provinces of Thailand, located in the northeastern region of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Kalasin, Roi Et, Surin, Buriram, and Khon Kaen. It is the home of Mahasarakham University, the largest university in northeast Thailand.

Most of the workers in Bangkok such as taxi drivers, servers, street sellers are from Isan region. We think if you have some basic knowledge about Isan dialect, it could be fun for you to express a small Isan conversation with people you are likely to encounter.

This lesson teacher Pear is teaching basic words, phrases and sentences from Isan dialect. If you already have basic ideas of central Thai dialect, learning Isan should be easy, you only need to learn new vocabulary while the structure of the language remains the same.

We hope you find this lesson useful and enjoyable. 🙂

Below are phrases and sentences we talk about in the video:

  1. ข่อย /kàwi/ = I (for both male and female speakers)
  2. เจ้า /jâo/ = you
  3. ข่อยมักเจ้า /kàwi mák jâo/ = I like you
  4. ข่อยฮักเจ้า /kàwi hák jâo/ = I love you
  5. เป็นตาฮัก /bpen-dtaa-hák/ = lovely, pretty, adorable
  6. เจ้าเป็นตาฮักแถะ /jâo bpen-dtaa-hák tàe/ = You are lovely.
  7. แซ่บ /sâeb/ = delicious
  8. แซ่บบักคัก /sâeb bàk-kák/ = very delicious
  9. ขอบคุณหลายๆ /kàwp-kun lăai-lăai/ or ขอบคุณหลายๆเด้อ /kàwp-kun lăai-lăai dêr/ = thank you very much
  10. คิดฮอด /kít-hâwd/ = miss someone
  11. ข่อยคิดฮอดเจ้าเด้อ /kàwi kít-hâwd jâo dêr/ = I miss you
  12. แมน /maen / = correct, right
  13. บ่ /bàw/ = not
  14. แมนบ่ /maen bàw/? = Is that right?
  15. มักบ่ /mák bàw/ ? = Do you like it?
  16. เจ้ามักอาหารไทยบ่ /jâo mák aa-hăan tai bàw/? = Do you like Thai food?
  17. อิหยัง /ì-yăng/? = What?
  18. อยู่ไส /yùu săi/? = Where?
  19. จังได๋ /jang dăi/? = How?
  20. ตอนใด๋ /dtawn dăi/? = When?
  21. เป็นหยัง /bpen yăng/? = Why?
  22. ไผ /păi/? = Who?

What do you like eat? = เจ้ามักกินอิหยัง /jâo mák gin ì-yăng?/

I like to eat Pad Thai. = ข่อยมักกินผัดไท /kàwi mák gin pàd-tai/

Where is your house? / Where do you live? = บ้านอยู่ไส /bâan yùu săi?/

Where are you going? = เจ้าไปไส /jâo bpai săi?/

How do you go? = ไปจังใด๋ /bpai jang dăi?/

When will you come to Thailand? = เจ้าสิมาประเทศไทยตอนใด๋ /jâo sì maa bprà-têed-tai dtawn dăi?/

สิ /sì/ = will, going to

Why don’t you come? = เป็นหยังบ่มา /bpen-yăng bàw maa?/

Who did you eat with? = กินเข่ากับไผ /gin kào gàp păi?/

 

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8 Responses to VIDEO: Isan 101 (Basic Northeastern Thai Dialect)

  1. Timothy Penwell 30/11/2016 at 10:48 #

    What an extremely helpful video! Heading from Chiang Mai to Isan this weekend. Going to try to communicate better! Thank you.

    • Mod 06/12/2016 at 09:21 #

      Thank you for your kind comment. I hope you had a great time in Isan. 🙂

  2. John 28/09/2016 at 21:47 #

    Jao can also be used as a polite particle like khrap and ka, no? I always hear the ladies at the coffee shop by my condo say: Sawasdee Jao or Khorp khun jao. The coffee shop is based on Chiang Mai theme.

    • Mod 06/12/2016 at 16:35 #

      “jao” is used as a polite particle in Northern Thailand. One word is used for two different meanings in Isan and Northern dialect. 🙂

  3. Jay 23/09/2016 at 14:55 #

    And what pert of Thailand are you originally from Krue Mod?? I might guess Lopburi or Phitsonoluk ??? ^-^

    Thanks, the lesson was NA SONG JAI MAAK !! Krop koon lai lai

    • Mod 06/12/2016 at 16:42 #

      You almost got it correct. My mother is from Nakhon Si Thammarat in the South and my father is from Pichit which is located next to Phitsanulok. I was born in Bangkok but grew up in Nakhon Si Thammarat, then moved to Bangkok and has been living here since 18. 🙂

  4. Peter blyth 11/09/2016 at 09:27 #

    Really good to understand i have been living in so isaan sakon nakon for 2 weeks so i will need to speal thai……..

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