In Thai language, passive voice sentences are used in the bad circumstances only. For example; she was deceived, the thief was arrested. etc.
The pattern of passive voice sentence is:
the action reciever + ถูก /tùuk/ + the doer + verb
the action reciever + โดน /doan/ + the doer + verb
*The agent here means the person, animal or object that did the action in the sentence.
*ถูก /tùuk/ and โดน /doan/ are interchangeable. However, ถูก /tùuk/ is more common.
chán/pŏm tùuk măa gàt
I was bitten by a dog.
Dawika tùuk faen tíng
Dawika was abandoned by her boyfriend.
Chris tùuk lâi-àwk jàak ngaan
Chris was fired from his job.
Wasinee tùuk rót chon
Wasinee was hit by a car
kà-mooi tùuk dtam-rùat jàb láew
The thief has been captured by the police already.
The doer can be omitted if it is unknown or you understand who is the one who did the action.
Káo tùuk làwk
He was deceived by unknown person
toe-rá-sàp tùuk kà-mooi
The phone was stolen by someone.
kà-mooi tùuk jàb láew
The thief has been captured already. (It is obvious that The thief was captured by the police)
Questions in the passive voice
Questions in the passive voice is formed like the other questions – the question word is put at the end
kà-mooi tùuk dtam-rùat jàb láew rúe-yang?
Has the thief arrested?
B: Yes, he was arrested already
ขโมยถูกจับแล้ว kà-mooi tùuk jàb láew
No, he hasn’t been arrested
ขโมยยังไม่ถูกจับ kà-mooi yang mâi tùuk jàb
I hope you found this lesson useful in your Thai learning. If you have any questions or comments, feel free to leave it below in the comment section. : )